!Mesadenella cuspidata ( Lindl. ) Garay 1978

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista


Plant and Flowers

Photos by Alejandro Taborda

Full ShadeHotWarmFall

Common Name The Three-Pointed Mesadenella

Flower Size .2" [6 mm]

Found in Peru, southeastern Brazil and Missiones Argentina in moist forests at elevations of 400 to 1000 meters as miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with a short stem and a basal rosette of oblanceolate, acuminate, succulent, medium green sometimes with white spots, decurrent to the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall on an erect, to 8" [to 20 cm] long, slender, red brown, densely many flowered, racemose inflorescence enveloped basally by 6 to 8, triangular, basally clasping, acute bracts and long-hirsute, as long as the ovaries and extending to the middle of the dorsal sepal floral bracts

Synonyms Cyclopogon albopunctatus Barb.Rodr. 1882; Cyclopogon cuspidatus [Lindl.] Schltr. 1920; Gyrostachys cuspidata Kuntze 1891; Habenaria margaritacea B.S.Williams 1869; Mesadenella esmeraldae (Linden & Rchb.f.) Pabst & Garay 1953; Mesadenella margaritifera (Linden & Rchb.f.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982; Serapias pumila Vell. 1831; *Spiranthes cuspidata Lindl. 1840; Spiranthes esmeraldae Linden & Rchb.f. 1862; Spiranthes margaritifera Linden & Rchb.f. 1866; Stenorrhynchos esmeraldae (Linden & Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1895

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 as Spiranthes esmeralda drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Fasc 8 Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as Cyclopogon cuspidata; Flora Brasilica Fasc 8 Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as Stenorrhynchus esmeraldae; Flora Brasilica Fasc 8 Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as Stenorrhynchus esmeraldae drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes esmeraldae drawing good; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as M esmeraldae; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as M esmeraldae drawing ok; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 165 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 326 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing/photo fide; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #7 2010 photo hmm;