Microtis unifolia ( G.Forst. ) Rchb.f. 1871


Common Name The Single Leafed Microtis - Common Onion Orchid - in Ryuku Islands - Nira-ba-ran - In China Cong Ye Lan

Flower Size 1/8" [.3 cm]

Found from Japan, Ryukyu Islands , Taiwan, the Chinese Himalayas, Malaysia, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand and Australia at elevations of 1500 to 2800 meters in montane grasslands with annual fires in the dry season as a medium sized, cold growing terrestrial occuring in grassland and grassy areas in open forest, heathy forest and woodland with small, globose tubers giving rise to a single, terete, elongate, hollow [onion-like], basally sheathed leaf that blooms in the spring, summer and fall on an erect, 9" [22.5 cm] long, several to many [30] flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Epipactis porrifolia Sw. 1800; Microtis aemula Schltr. 1906; Microtis banksii A.Cunn. ex Hook. 1835; Microtis formosana Schltr. ex Masam 1964; Microtis frutetorum Schltdl. 1847; Microtis longifolia Colenso 1885; Microtis papillosa Colenso 1885 publ. 1886; Microtis porrifolia (Sw.) R.Br. 1810; Microtis porrifolia var. parviflora (R.Br.) Rodway 1903; Microtis pulchella Lindl. 1840; Microtis viridis F.Muell. 1865; *Ophrys unifolia G.Forst. 1786

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as M porrifolia; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; Orchids of Australia Nicholls 1969 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 photo ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as M formosana; Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependences Vol 8 Orchidaceae Halle 1977 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995 photo good; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo good; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Native Orchids of New Zealand, A Colour Field Guide Scanlen & St George 2010 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 78 #3 2014 photo fide;