Mormodes igneum Lindl. & Paxton 1852-3 SECTION Mormodes

View of Lip from anterior

Closeup of Lip Structure and Column

Photos by of Jay Pfahl

Another Flower?

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flower in situ Panama

Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch


Common Name The Fire-Red Mormodes

Flower Size to more than 2" [to more than 5 cm]

Found as a large sized, warm growing epiphyte in Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia on dead and decaying trees in full sun at elevations around 900 meters with cylindrical pseudobulbs carrying lanceolate, acuminate, prominently veined leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on an erect, to more than 2' [60 cm] long, few to several flowered inflorescence with fragrant flowers all arising after the deciduous leaves have fallen in the autumn.

The fourth photo by Lorens Grobler makes sense for the name and matches Constantin, all the other photos are of plants that were bought with this name but appear to be other species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good to the 4th photo; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 54. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 8 1961 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 3 1963 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 no 4 1963 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 7 1963 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 7 1964 ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide to the fourth photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 26 1584 - 1648 Brieger 1992; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #6 2011 photo fide; Orchid DIgest Vol 80 #3 2016 photo fide to the first photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 1 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #10 2019 photo fide;