Neottia japonica (Blume) Szlach. 1995

Plant and Flowers in situ Japan

Photos by Japanese Orchids Website


Common Name The Japanese Neottia - In China Ri Ben Dui Ye Lan

Flower Size

Found in Japan, the Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan in forests at elevations of 1400 to 3000 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a slender, ridged stem with 1 to 2, basal, pale green to purple tubular sheaths and carrying 2, opposite, just below the middle of the stem, sessile, ovate-triangular, cordate to truncate below, acute apically leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on an erect, pubescent, 2.4 to 4" [6 to 10 cm] long, 3 to 8 flowered inflorescence with broadly ovate, very small, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Diphryllum japonicum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; *Listera japonica Blume 1859; Listera shaoi S.S.Ying 1977; Listera shikokiana Makino 1893; Neottia shaoi (S.S.Ying) Szlach. 1995; Ophrys japonica (Blume) Makino 1929; Ophrys shikokiana (Makino) Makino 1929

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as Listera japonica; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 ;