Neottia nidus-avis (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

Inflorescence in situ Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

to and EARLY

Common Name The Bird's Nest Neottia

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found in Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, France, Balaeric Islands, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechloslavakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, western Russia, central Russia, western Siberia, Algeria, Turkey and Iran as a small to medium sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial with brownish-yellow, occasionally white, thick stem enveloped by 4 to 6 sheaths turning to bracts above that blooms in the spring and early summer on a stout, erect, to about 15" [37.5 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with fragrant flowers almost covered by a few scale-like, linear bracts.

Synonyms Distomaea nidus-avis (L.) Spenn. 1825; Epipactis nidus-avis Crantz 1769; Helleborine nidus-avis (L.) F.W. Schmidt 1793; Helleborine succulenta F.W.Schmidt 1793; Listera nidus-avis (L.) Curtis 1778; Malaxis nidus-avis (L.) Bernh. 1800; Neottia abortiva Gray 1821; Neottia macrostelis Peterm. 1844; Neottia nidus-avis f. dilatata Zapal. 1906; Neottia nidus-avis f. glandulosa Beck 1890; Neottia nidus-avis f. micrantha Zapal. 1906; Neottia orobanchoidea St.-Lag. 1880; Neottia orobanchoidea St.-Lag. 1894; Neottia squamosa Dulac 1867; Neottidium nidus-avis Schlechter 1823; *Ophrys nidus-avis Linne 1753; Serapias nidus-avis (L.) Steud. 1821

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 drawing ok; Orquideologia VOl 12 3/4 1977/8; Orquideologia Vol 15 #2-3 1982 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Orchid Digest Vol 75 #2 2011 Photo fide; Orchideen Series C Band 74 Thiv & Worz 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 79 #1 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #4 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #5 2017 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #2 2018 Photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #2 2019 photo fide;