Neottia cinsbuensis T.P.Lin & D.M.Huang 2017

TYPE Drawing

Photos/drawing by © Tsan-Piao LIN, and Da-Ming HUANG


Common Name The Cinsbu Neottia [refers to the local where the species was discovered, Cinsbu in the Atayal (one of the aboriginal groups in Taiwan) language means a field with the first sunshine in the early morning.]

Flower Size

Found in Taiwan in forests at elevations of 2450 to 2550 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with a half buried, angled rhizome giving rise to an erect, slender stem carrying 2, opposite, ovate-triangular, acute, green above, pale green beneath leaves that blooms in the early summer on a terminal, erect, peduncle 1.2 to 2.24" [3 to 5.6 cm] long, minutely hairy, rachis 1.3 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm] long, 5 to 6 flowered inflorescence with ovate-lanceolate, half as long as the ovary floral bracts.

"This species was identified as Listera nankomontana Fukuyama (now Neottia nankomontana (Fukuy.) Szlach.) by Chung (2008: 86). However, N. nankomontana has a pointed, not rounded, labellum, which can clearly be seen in the type specimen, Fukuyama 4139 in KPM-NA0105561 (Fukuyama, 1935, also see fig. 4b in Lin, 2015). The pointed tips of the lobules of N. nankomontana are in agreement with Fukuyama’s original description as “apice acutis”. The misidentification could also be because N. cinsbuensis is also found at Kirittoi at 2550 m (photo provided by Mr. Sheng-Kun Yu, not shown). A location between Kirittoi (2570 m) and Bunakkei (3500 m) at Nanhutashan is the type locality of Listera nankomontana (Fukuyama, 1935). Flower qualities of N. cinsbuensis are similar to those of other species of Neottia in Taiwan, but the margin of the lip has no layer of specialized cells which reflect light in the daytime, thus forming a white outline." Tsan-Piao LIN and Da-Ming HUANG 2017


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Newly discovered native orchids of Taiwan Tsan-Piao LIN and Da-Ming HUANG 2017 drawing/photo fide