Nervilia bicarinata (Blume) Schltr.1911 SECTION Nervilia

Larger view of Flower

Photos by Morat and Mobot Madagascar Photo List

Full shade Warm To Cool Spring Summer EARLIERFall

Common Name The Bi Carinate Nervilia

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Benin, Burkino Faso, Chad, Senegal, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone, Togo, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Liberia, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Burundi, Congo, Zaire, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Natal, Transvaal South Africa, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Yemen and Oman in thickets, deciduous forests, coastal and highland forests at elevations up to 1900 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with a very large, erect, heart-shaped leaf that blooms in the spring, summer and earlier fall on an erect, elongate several flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Nervilia barklyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911; Nervilia commersonii (Blume) Schltr. 1911; Nervilia ghindana (Fiori) Cufod. 1972; Nervilia umbrosa (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911; Nervilia viridiflava (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911; Pogonia barklyana Rchb.f. 1885; *Pogonia bicarinata Blume 1859; Pogonia chariensis A.Chev. 1913; Pogonia commersonii Blume 1859; Pogonia ghindana Fiori 1912; Pogonia umbrosa Rchb.f. 1867; Pogonia viridiflava Rchb.f. 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as N umbrosa drawing leaf only; The Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Schelpe, Linder and Hall 1982 as N umbrosa photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984 as N umbrosa drawing ok; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 as N umbrosa drawing fide; Orchids of the Central African Republic a Provisional Checklist Cribb & Fay 1986; Orchid Monographs 5 Petterson 1991 drawing/photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing fide; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #3 2017 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;