Nervilia adolphi Schltr. 1915 SECTION Linervia

Photo by © and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Plant In Situ Burkino Faso

Photo by © and The West African Plants Website

Fragrance Full shade Warm Cool Spring

Common Name or Meaning Adolph's Nervilia

Flower Size .8 to 1.76" [2 to 4.4 cm]

Found in Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Niger, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Moambique and Zimbabwe in high rainfall woodlands, submontane grasslands, riverine fringe forests and pine plantations at elevations of 700 to 1200 meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with a globose tuber giving rise to a prostrate to suberect, reniform, very cordate, obscurely 7 angled, glabrous, shiny green above, sometimes tesselated with silver, more or less striped violet on margins and veins beneath, shortly petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on an erect, terete, violet purple, single, fragrant flowered inflorescence that lengthens from 3.46 to 8.4" [8.6 to 21 cm] after the flowers fade and the fruit grows.

Synonyms Nervilia adolphi var. seposita N.Hallé & Toill.-Gen. 1971

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Schelpe, Linder and Hall 1982 photo good; Flora of Tropical East Africa Vol 2 Cribb 1984 drawing fide leaf only; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 leaf only drawing ok; Orchids of the Central African Republic a Provisional Checklist Cribb & Fay 1986; Orchid Monographs 5 Petterson 1991 drawing/photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 drawing fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 as N adolphii var sepitosa; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 photo/drawing fide; *Kew Bull. 68: 331 S. Gale, S. Suddee, S. Watthana 2013 Drawing/photo fide;