Neuwiedia singapureana (Wall. ex Baker) Rolfe 1907

Photo by Karl Senghas and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria

Common Name The Singapore Neuwiedia

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in China, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Borneo and Sumatra in hill forests at elevations around 60 to 600 [900] meters as a medium sized, hot growing terrestrial with glabrous, cane-like stems carrying to 14, glabrous, spirally arranged, plicate, lanceolate, thin, 8 veined, long-acuminate apically, gradually narrowing below into the grooved, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, terminal, 3.6" [9 cm] long, densely short hairy, to 50 flowered inflorescence with narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, densely short hairy, floral bracts carrying densely short hairy outside, flowers that do not open well.

This species can be separated from others by yellow to white flowers with a short inflorescence and has orange seed capsules.

Synonyms Neuwiedia balansae Baill. ex Gagnep. 1933; Neuwiedia curtisii Rolfe 1889; Neuwiedia ochracea Ridl. 1922;; Neuwiedia zollingeri var. balansae (Baill. ex Gagnep.) Aver. 2008; Neuwiedia zollingeri var. singapureana (Wall. ex Baker) de Vogel 1969; Tupistra singapureana Wall. ex Baker 1875

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Blumea 17: 333 de Vogel 1969 as N zollingeri var singapureana; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 as N zolingeri var singapureana; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 as N zollingeri var singapureana photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide