Gymnadenia rhellicani (Teppner & E.Klein) Teppner & E.Klein 1998

Photo courtesy of J-M Lewin and the Orchids of France and Europe

Yellow Flower form

Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

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Common Name Rhellica's Gymnadenia [Swiss Naturalist J. Muller 1500's]

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in France, Germany, Czechloslovakia, and Switzerland as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial in calcareous soils of dry, sunny meadows at elevations of 1000 to 2800 meters with 7 to 11 basal, spreading to erect, dark green above, pale green below, linear, acute, finely serrated margin leaves and the upper 2 to 3, cauline, bract-like sometimes edged red leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on a robust, erect inflorescence that has the flowers held in an apical, egg-shaped cluster with the strongly vanilla or spicy scented flowers opening in succession.

Synonyms Gymnadenia cenisia (G.Foelsche & al.) G.Foelsche & al. 1999; Nigritella cenisia G.Foelsche & al. 1998; Nigritella nigra lus. fulva G.Keller in G.Keller & al. 1933; Nigritella nigra subsp. rhellicani (Teppner & E.Klein) H.Baumann 2004; Nigritella nigra var. rosea Vis. & Sacc. ex Goiran 1883; Nigritella rhellicani Teppner & Klein 1990; Nigritella rhellicani f. fulva (G.Keller) Teppner & E.Klein 1990; Nigritella rhellicani var. rosea (Vis. & Sacc. ex Goiran) Teppner & E.Klein 1990

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Gymnadenia rhellicani; Orchid Digest Vol 84 #1 2020 photo fide;