!Octomeria graminifolia (L.) R.Br. 1813 SECTION Planifolia

Photo by Alexander Hirtz


Drawing by Curtis's Botanical Magazine" vol.54 (N.S. 1) pl. 2764 and Botanicus Website


Common Name The Grass-Like Leaved Octomeria

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Belize, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Fr Guiana, Northern Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador in lower montane forests at elevations of 100 to 1400 meters as a mini-miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with a creeping rhizome giving rise to an erect ramicaul enveloped basallly by scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, thick, carinate, acute, conspicuously apiculate, gradually narrowing below into the base leaf that blooms in the spring on an erect, single flowered inflorescence holding the faintly fragrant flower close to the leaf base.

This species is the sole member of the SECTION Planifolia O graminifolia Alliance and is distinguished by a long creeping rhizome and normal, flat, coriaceous or fleshy leaves

Synonyms Dendrobium graminifolium (L.) Willd. 1805; Enothrea graminifolia (L.) Raf. 1838; *Epidendrum graminifolium L. 1763; Humboltia apiculata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Octomeria apiculata (Lindl.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1972; Octomeria baueri Lindl. 1830; Octomeria graminifolia var. ophioglossoides Griseb. 1864; Octomeria loddigesii Lindl. 1837; Octomeria longirepens Schltr. 1924; Octomeria serpens Schltr. 1925; Pleurothallis apiculata Lindl. 1859;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as O baueri; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats 1969 as O longirepens; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as Pleurothallis apiculata; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as O apiculata drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Vol 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as O apiculata drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 887 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 Photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXXI Luer 2010 Drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018