Epidendrum endresii Rchb. f. 1883GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Verrucosum

Another Plant

Photo by © Jay Pfahl.

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica

Photo by © Wilfried Löderbusch


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name Endres' Epidendrum [German Orchid Collector-Central America 1800's]

Flower Size 3/5" [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in windy, premontane and lower montane cloud forests at elevations of 1200 to 2400 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with clustered, terete, cylindric stems with black verrucose sheaths that reach about a foot [30 cm] and stiff, distichous, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, obtuse or retuse leaves articulated to the basal leaf sheaths which blooms on a terminal, few flowered, racemose inflorescence subtended by elliptic-lanceolate, acute, foliaceous bracts and giving rise to relatively large for the size of the plant, flat, fragrant flowers occuring in the winter and spring.

" Epidendrum endresii belongs to the GROUP Oerstedella which is characterized by the sympodial habit, mostly verrucose stems, and the rostellum which is perpendicular to the axis of the column instead of parallel forming a wide, open sinus and without a viscidium, and the SUBGROUP Verrucosum recognized by the small to medium sized, membranaceous flowers with sepals and petals immaculate, a bilobed clínandrium hood slightly surpassing the body of the column, obovoid subequal pollinia with long granulose caudicles. The species is recognized by the ovate to narrowly ovate leaves .4 to 1.32" [1 to 3.3 cm] long, white flowers, with the bicallose lip nearly totally violet-blue, or white wlth a small violet-blue spot on the isthmus and the apex of the column 4-lobed and violet-blue; sepals .32 to .44" [8 to 11 mm] long. Epidendrum pumilum Rolfe has greenish yellow flowers, sepals .2 to .28" [5 to 7 mm] long, lip with a pair of purple spots, the apex of the column 3-lobed, white, the callus tridentate, and the apical margin of the lip dentate. Epidendrum parviexasperatum Hágsater has larger, elliptic-lanceolate leaves .6 to 2.28" [1.5 to 5.7 cm] long, apical and lateral inflorescences with brown bordered yellow tepals, the lip white marked with violet, the apex of the column 4-lobed. Epidendrum x monteverdense (Pupulin & Hágsater) Hagsater, the natural hybrid cross beetween E. endresii and E. exasperatum Rchb. f. has vigorous, branching stems, sepals and petals cream- colored, the lip with a couple of violet spots, and the apical lobes of the column sometimes apically marked with violet." Hagsater etal 2007

Synonyms Epidendrum adolphii Schechter 1906; Oerstedella adolphii (Schltr.) Brieger 1977; Oerstedella endresii (Rchb. f.) Hágsater 1981

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 2 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin VOl 37 # 6 1968 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 10 1968 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Oerstedella adolphii; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 8 1980 photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1459 Dodson 1992 as Oerstedella endresii drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as Oerstedella endresii photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Oerstedella endresii; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Oerstedella endresii AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 880 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 NO 8 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 931 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 931 Hagsater 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1145 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section ; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide