Oncidium crispum Lodd. 1832 SECTION Crispa

Photo by Ron Parsons plant grown by Marni Turkel

Another Flower

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Color Variation

Photo by Weyman Bussey

to and

Common Name The Curled Oncidium [refers to the sepals and petals being wavy]

Flower Size 2 to 3" [5 to 7.5 cm]

Found in Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul States of Brazil at an altitude of 50 to 1200 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with large, ovoid, strongly compressed, clustered, deeply sulcate in time pseudobulbs partially enveloped by dry scarious bracts and carrying 2 to 3 apical, large, coriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, acute above, attenuate below leaves that blooms in the fall and winter on a erect or arching, 2 1/2' [75 cm] long, many [40 to 80] flowered, strongly branched, mottled with dull crimson, paniculate inflorescence carrying honey scented flowers.

The O crispum complex includes O praetextum, O curtum and O gravesianum, and all are now considered to be synonyms of this name but I have left them separate as they have been known as separate species for centuries.

Synonyms Anettea crispa (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Szlach. & Mytnik 2006; Anettea imperatoris-maximiliani (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Mytnik 2006; Brasilidium crispum (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Campacci 2006; Gomesa imperatoris-maximiliani (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009; Oncidium crispum var. aureum auct. 1898; Oncidium crispum var. flabellulatum Lindl. in B.Stein 1892; Oncidium crispum var. grandiflorum auct. 1870; Oncidium crispum var. limbatum Cogn. 1898; Oncidium crispum var. lionetianum Cogn. 1899; Oncidium crispum var. ochraceum Rchb.f. 1888; Oncidium crispum var. olivaceum Rchb.f. 1877; Oncidium crispum var. rodriguesii Cogn.1905; Oncidium crispum var. sublaeve Rchb.f. 1872; Oncidium imperatoris-maximiliani Rchb.f. 1866

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as O imperatoris maximiliani ; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 as O imperatoris-maximiliani drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 2 1980; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 2 1980 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 51 No 3 1987 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 as O imperatoris-maximiliani; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002; Oncidium Vol 2 Koniger 2005 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #4 2009 as Gomesa imperatoris-maximillianoi photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 77 #2 2013 as Gomesa imperatoris-maximilianii photo fide; Orchids of Brazil Vol 1 Oncidinae Baptista, Harding & Neto 2011 as Brasilidium crispum photo fide; Of Men and Orchids Part 1 Jenny 2015 as Gomesa imperatoris-maximiliani drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016 as Gomesa imperatoris-maximilanus; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 as Gomesa imperatoris-maximilanus drawing fide;