Psygmorchis cristagalli (Rchb. f.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 2003


Photos by Grazyna Sieminska

Part shade Hot to Cool SummerandFall

Common Name The Cock's Comb Psygmorchis

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.5 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, references have been made for Colombia to Peru but nothing solid, in mountain rain forest and coffee plantations from 650 to 1850 meters in elevation as a miniature sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte with an elliptic-ovoid pseudobulb subtended by several foliaceous bracts and has an aborted apical leaf and several linear-lanceolate leaves arising from the bracts and blooms with one to few flowers on a axillary, erect or arching, to 3" [7 cm] long, 1 to 4 successive, opening flowers per racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb that can have 3 to 4 to a psuedobulb and blooms in the summer and fall but can bloom a second time later if kept happy.

This species needs to be mounted on branches, cork or treefern and kept consistently moist year round.

Synonyms Erycina crista-galli ( Rchb.f. ) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Odontoglossum crista-galli (Rchb. f.) Kraenzl. ex O. Wederb. 1910; Oncidium crista-galli Rchb. f. 1852; Oncidium decipiens Lindl. 1855; Oncidium iridifolium Lindl. non HBK 1836;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; *Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10: 697. 1852; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 150. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 259. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 says none found; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 2 1982 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1054 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 69 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1571 Atwood 1983 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 drawing/photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina cristagallii; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 as Erycina crista-galli; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 as Oncidium cristi-galli photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as Erycina crista-galliphoto fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Erycina crista galli photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006 as Psygmorchis cristagalli; Oncidium Vol 3 Koniger 2007 as Oncidium crista galli drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as Erycina cristi-galli photo fide; Algunas Orquideas De Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2012 as Psymorchis crista-galliphoto fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Erycina cristi-galli photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Stacyella crista-galliphoto fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 as Psygmorchis crista galli photo fide