Oncidium globuliferum Kunth 1816 SECTION Serpentia

Photo By David Haelterman and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website


Photo By Isaías Rolando

FAINTFragrance Part sun Hot to Cool WinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Sphere Carrying Oncidium [refers-erroneously - to the pseudobulbs]

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as a small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte in cloudforests at elevations of 400 to 2400 meters with widely spaced groups of small plantlets arising on the terete, smooth, green rhizome, branching and rebranching to form tangled mats or long twining, vine-like plants giving rise to suborbicular-oblong, compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 1 or 2 leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying a single, apical, fleshy, suberect, oblong, obtuse leaf that blooms at most any time of the year on a single flowered, dull purple, 4" [10 cm] long, inflorescence arising on mature pseudobulbs from the leaf sheaths and directly from the rootlike rhizome.

DNA testing has shown a close relationship between the section Serpentia [four species O globuliferum, O sancti-Pauli, O serpens and O harlingii] and Otoglossum but there are obvious visual plant and flower differences which I feel help us separate this group better and easier.

Synonyms Brevilongium globuliferum (Kunth) Christenson 2006; Brevilongium luerorum (Dodson) Christenson 2006; Oncidium globuliferum var. costaricense Rchb. f. 1871; Oncidium luerorum Dodson 1996 Oncidium wercklei Schltr. 1923; Otoglossum globuliferum ( Kunth ) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Otoglossum luerorum (Dodson) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 24. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as O wercklei; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing good; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 180 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Otoglossum globiferum; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 3 2001 as Otoglossum luerorum; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001 as O luerorum; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 as Otoglossum globuliferum; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as O luerorum photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Otoglossum globuliferum; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 11 2005 photo fide; Oncidium Vol 2 Koniger 2005 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006 as Otoglossum globuliferum; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 as Brevilongium globuliferum; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 as Brevilongium luerorum; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 4 2008 photo as Otoglossum globuliferum; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 as Otoglossum globuliferum photo not = O scansor; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 as Otoglossum globuliferum photo fide; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 as Otoglossum globuliferum photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide