Oncidium gutfreundianum Chiron & V.P.Castro 2003 SECTION Waluela Photo courtesy of Americo Docha Neto and Orchidstudium

Inflorescence Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Part shade Hot Warm LATE Winter EARLY Spring

Common Name or Meaning Gutfreund's Oncidium

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Bahia Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 300 to 500 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with fusiform, elongate pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 2, apical, obovate to elliptic, acute, leaves that blooms in the late winter and early spring on an axillary, basal, paniculate, shortly few branched, erect to arching few to several flowered inflorescence subtended by small floral bracts.

Similar to O lietzii which has a bifid plate callus but differs in having two irregular mass callus.

Newer references give this species as a synonym of O cruciatum and they are at the very least closely related but I have left them separate for now. They differ mostly in the more spathulate petals, shorter callus horns and the basal callus has transverse plates instead of a single smooth one.

Synonyms Baptistonia gutfreundiana (Chiron & V.P.Castro) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004; Baptistonia regentii V.P.Castro & Chiron 2005; Gomesa gutfreundiana (Chiron & V.P.Castro) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009; Gomesa regentii (V.P.Castro & Chiron) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilense II Plate 109 Castro 2006 as Baptistonia gutfreundiana drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilense II Plate 109 Castro 2006 as Baptistonia x regentii drawing ok photo okish; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo ok; Orchids of Brazil Vol 1 Oncidinae Baptista, Harding & Neto 2011 as Baptistonia cruciata photo fide