Oncidium ochmatochilum Rchb. f. 1852 SECTION Oncidium

Photo by Anonomous

Fragrance Part shadeWarm to Cool Fall

Common Name The Bridle-Like Lip Oncidium

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Chiapas State of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru on shade trees in coffee plantations as a large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte at elevations around 700 to 1400 meters that has pyriform, ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped basally by large, imbricating leaf sheaths and carrying 2, apical, erect, oblanceolate, oblong, acute leaves that are attenuate basally and blooms in the fall on an axillary, to 7' [210 cm] long, many branched, racemose, paniculate inflorescence arising on a mature pseuodbulb with 15 to 25 branches each carrying 5 to 8, smaller, lilac scented flowers.

Synonyms Cyrtochiloides cardiochila (Lindl.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila (Rchb.f.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Odontoglossum cardiochilum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1922; Oncidium cardiochilum Lindl. 1865; Oncidium chelidon Kraenzl. 1922; Oncidium chelidonizon Kraenzl. 1922

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; *Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 10: 698. 1852; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidium chelidon; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidium chelidonizon; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 drawing good; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 84. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 178 Dodson 1980 as O cardiochilum drawing fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 as O cardiochilum photo ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1057 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 #2 1997 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 photo fide to the second photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Retana 1999 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Cyrtochilioides cardiochila; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Cyrtochilioides ochmatochila; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 546 Hagsater, Soto 2002 as Cyrtochilodes ochmatochila drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as O cardiochilum drawing ok; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 as O cardiochilum; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 photo fide; Oncidium Vol 1 Koniger 2004 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila photo/drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #1 2015 as Cyrtochiloides cardiochila drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 as Cyrtochiloides ochmatochila photo fide