Ophrys ferrum-equinum Desfontaines 1807

Photo by Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

O gottfiediana

Photo by Paul H Davies

Part sunCold Spring

Common Name The Horseshoe Ophyrs

Flower Size 1.4" [3.5 cm]

A miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid that is found in the Aegean, Albania, Crete, Greece and western Turkey in short grasslands, garrigue, scrub and open woodlands at elevations up to 1100 meters that blooms on a terminal, erect, 4 to 14" [10 to 35 cm] long, laxly 2 to 8 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Ophrys andracnitis Bory & Chaub. 1838; Ophrys corinthiaca Hausskn. 1899; Ophrys ferrum-equinum subsp. gottfriediana (Renz) E.Nelson 1962; Ophrys ferrum-equinum var. gottfriediana (Renz) Biel 2001; Ophrys gottfriediana Renz 1928

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 as O gottfriediana photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #9 2019 photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 84 #1 2020 photo fide;