Orchis pallens Linne 1771

Photo by Th. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe

Plant and Flowers in situ Crimea

Photo by Dr Alexander Grigoryevich Slyusarenko

FragrancePart sun Cold Spring

O mascula Group

Common Name The Pale Orchis

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Spain, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and Poland as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial found only in calcareous soils in montane beech, pine and fir forests at elevations up to 2000 meters with 4 to 6, in a basal rosette to erect, oblong or oblong-ovate leaves with the uppermost few being sheath-like that blooms in the spring on a 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, rather dense, pyramidal to oblong in shape, inflorescence with fragrant [foul and mostly nocturnal] flowers.

Synonyms Androrchis pallens (L.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis pseudopallens K.Koch 1846; Orchis sulphurea Sims 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 4 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 #5 2008; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 6 2008 photo fide;