Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

Photo courtesy of JM.Dreuillaux and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sun Cold Springand EARLY Summer

O palustris Group Subgoup #1

Common Name The Swamp-Living Orchis

Flower Size to about 1" [to 2.5 cm]

Found in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Spain, the Balearic Islands, France, Belgium, Germany, Sweden, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, eastern Aegean Islands, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Kirgyistan, Kazakistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iran and Saudi Arabia? in calcareous dune slacks, marshy meadows and fens at elevations up to 1800 meters in full sun on damp to wet basic substrates that are sometimes saline as a small to large sized, cold growing terrestrial with 4 to 6, linear-lanceolate to linear, unmarked, keeled leaves that blooms in the spring and early summer on a cylindric, 3 to 9" [7.5 to 2.5 cm] long, loose, many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997; Anacamptis palustris subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997; Anacamptis robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman 2003; Orchis festiva Heuff. ex Rochel 1838; Herorchis palustris (Jacq.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis robusta (T.Stephenson) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis elegans Heuff. 1835; Orchis elegans var. platychila (K.Koch) H.I.Schäf. 1971; Orchis germanorum Moritz 1844; Orchis heuffeliana Schur 1853; Orchis laxiflora C.A.Mey. 1831; Orchis laxiflora f. quadriloba Bréb. 1895; Orchis laxiflora lusus alba Rupp ex W.Zimm. 1912; Orchis laxiflora lusus rosea Rupp ex W.Zimm. 1912; Orchis laxiflora subsp. elegans (Heuff.) Soó 1926; Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch 1844; Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacquin) Bonnier & Layens; Orchis laxiflora subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) H.Sund. 1980; Orchis laxiflora var. elegans (Heuff.) Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Orchis laxiflora var. mediterranea (Guss.) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987; Orchis laxiflora var. palustris M-Bieb.; Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch 1844; Orchis mediterranea Gussone 1826; Orchis michaelis Sennen ?; Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786; Orchis palustris subsp. mediterranea (Guss.) Malag. 1968; Orchis palustris var. laxiflora Fridrichstahl; Orchis palustris var. mediterranea (Guss.) Schltr. 1926; Orchis palustris var. robusta T.Stephenson 1931; Orchis platychila K. Koch 1846; Orchis robusta (T.Stephenson) Gölz & H.R.Reinhard 1975 publ. 1976; Orchis speciosa Heuff. ex Rochel 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 # 1 1986; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005