Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806 Photo by Hans Hillewaert and The Wikipedia Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCold Spring

O mascula Group

Common Name Provence Orchis [Region Of France]

Flower Size to 1" [to 2.5 cm]

Found in Spain, France Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, eastern Aegean Islands, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Crimea, Tunisia and Algeria in garrigue, scrub and open woodlands at elevations up to 1700 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with ovoid tuber carrying an erect stem carrying 2 to 8, basal in a rosette, often strongly blotched with violet, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate leaves that blooms in the spring on a lax to dense, cylindric, many [7 to 20] flowered inflorescence with 1 to 3 veined, lanceolate bracts.

Synonyms Androrchis provincialis (Balb.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis cyrilli Tenore 1820; Orchis leucostachys Grisebach 1840; Orchis mascula Alsch. 1832; Orchis morio var. provincialis (Balb. ex Lam. & DC.) Pollini 1824; Orchis olbiensis Ardoino ex Moggr. 1864; Orchis pallens Savi ?; Orchis provincialis var. leucostachya (Griseb.) Nyman 1882; Orchis provincialis var. rubra Chabert 1881; Orchis provincialis var. variegata Chabert 1881; Orchis pseudopallens Tod. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005