Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

Photo by Th. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe

FragrancePart sunCool LATE Winterand Spring

O militaris Group

Common Name The Small Dotted Orchis

Flower Size about 5/8" [2.75 cm]

A small to large sized, cool growing terrestrial orchid that is found in the eastern Aegean Islands? Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Crimea, Lebanon Syria, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Iran in short grasslands, garrigue and abandoned cultivation, scrub and open woodlands at elevations up to 1400 meters with a thick, grooved, stem carrying near erect, basal, unmarked, shiny, broadly lanceolate leaves and 1 to 4 upper, smaller leaves that blooms in the late winter and spring on a terminal, cylindrical, 2 to 20" [5 to 40 cm] long, dense to loosely many flowered inflorescence carrying weakly scented of vanilla flowers.

Synonyms Orchis punctulata subsp. schelkownikowii (Woronow) Soó 1966; Orchis punctulata subsp. sepulchralis (Boiss. & Heldr.) Soó 1927; Orchis punctulata var. sepulchralis Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis schelkownikowii Woronow 1909; Orchis sepulchralis Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier 1854; Orchis steveniana Compère ex Lév. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 4 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 as Orchis punctulata ssp sepulchralis photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Orchideen Series C Band 74 Thiv & Worz 2012 photo fide;