Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

Photo courtesy of M.Verhart and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCool Spring

O mascula Group

Common Name The Four Spot Orchis

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece and Turkey as a miniature to small sized, cool growing terrestrial in calcareous soils in stony grasslands and open scrublands at elevations of sea level to 1500 meters with an ovoid tuber carrying an erect slender, flexuous stem with 2 to 4, linear to oblong-lanceolate leaves that are often spotted with purple that blooms in the spring on a slender, cylindrical, loosely many [to 20] flowered inflorescence with lanceolate bracts.

Synonyms Anacamptis trichocera C. Koch 1849; Androrchis quadripunctata (Cirillo ex Ten.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Gymnadenia humilis Lindl. 1835; Orchis bipunctata Raf. 1814; Orchis cupanii Tod. 1842; Orchis hostii Tratt. 1814; Orchis nicodemi Sieber ex Steud. 1841; Orchis quadripunctata f. albiflora (Raulin) De Langhe & D'hose 1980; Orchis quadripunctata lusus albiflora (Raulin) So 1928; Orchis quadripunctata var. albiflora Raulin 1861; Orchis trichocera Brongn. in J.B.G.Bory de Saint-Vincent & al.1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 photo fide;