Orchis scopulorum Summerhayes 1961

Photo courtesy of R. Buscail and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCool to Warm LATERSpring

The O mascula Group

Common Name The Rock Growing Orchis

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Endemic to Madeira, an island to the west of Morocco and north of the Canary Islands on banks, cliff fissures and scree in rainy trade wind zone at elevations of 1000 to 1800 meteres as a medium to large sized, cool growing terrestrial orchid with a slender, often flexuous, upper half tinted red stem carrying 3 to 5, basal, spreading in a rosette, unmarked, oblong to lanceolate leaves with 2 to 5, smaller, clasping cauline leaves above that blooms in the later spring on an erect, terminal, conical to near cylindrical, near lax, to 4" [to 10 cm] long, 8 to 25 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Androrchis scopulorum (Summerh.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis mascula subsp. scopulorum (Summerh.) H.Sund. 1980

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005