Oreorchis erythrochrysea Hand.-Mazz. 1925

Photo by www.plant.ac.cn and Chinese Ground Orchid Website

Part shade cold Spring

Common Name The Purple-Yellow Oreorchis - In China Duan Geng Shan Lan

Flower Size 5/8" [1.6 cm]

Found in southwestern Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan and southeastern Xizang provinces of China in forests, thickets and alpine meadows at elevations of 2900 to 3600 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with underground pseudobulbs connected by short rhizomes with corm-like, broadly ovoid to suboblong, 2 to 3 noded pseudobulbs and carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly elliptical to oblong-lanceolate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a lateral, suberect, red, to 10.8" [27 cm] long, 10 to 20 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Kitigorchis erythrochrysea (Hand.-Mazz.) Maek. 1971

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo good; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo good; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing good; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;