Oreorchis indica (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890Photo by The National Digital Archives Program, Herbarium Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan Website

Part shade Cold LATE Spring EARLYsummer

Common Name The Indian Oreorchis

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in the western Himalayas, Assam, the eastern Himalayas, Nepal, southwestern Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan, Myanmar and Taiwan in alpine coniferous forests, bamboo thckets and in open grasslands at elevations of 2800 to 3200 meters as a mini-miniature to miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with a rhizome giving rise to underground, ovate pseduobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblanceolate to lanceolate, arching downwards, plicate leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect to ascending, basal thick, glabrous, dull green flushed with purple brown, well spaced, 5 to 7 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms *Corallorhiza indica Lindl. 1858; Kitigorchis itoana F.Maek. 1971; Oreorchis foliosa var. indica (Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1996; Oreorchis itoana (F.Maek.) Perner 2004; Tainia gokanzanensis Masam. 1937

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR The Orchids of Northwestern Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 as Tainia gokanzanensis; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; Reappraisal of Kitigorchis Yukawa, Chung, Luo, Peng, Momohara and Setogichi 2003; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014 photo fide;