Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1843

Photo by John Varigos

Closeup of flowers

Photo by Pieter C Brouwer and his P base Orchid Photo Website

Closeup of flowers

Photo by Weyman Bussey

Part shadeWarm to Hot Winterand Spring

Common Name The Two-Horned Ornithocephalus

Flower Size 3/16" [4mm]

A miniature, epiphytic, fan shaped, monopodial species found in jungle forests at altitudes of sea level to 1100 meters from Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and on to Venezuela, it is a hot to warm growing plant with fan-shaped , equitant, rigid, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute, leaves that are articulated to the imbricate basal, leaf sheaths from which it blooms in the winter and spring on an axillary, racemose, to 3 1/2" [6 to 9 cm] long, few to many flowered inflorescence that is equal or longer in length to the leaves and has broadly ovate or orbicular bracts and small flowers.

This species is best mounted on cork, tree fern or wood, given shady, humid conditions with even, year round waterings.

Synonyms Ornithocephalus brachyceras G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2000; Ornithocephalus diceras Schlechter 1922; Ornithocephalus lanuginosus Ames 1921; Ornithocephalus oberonia Rchb.f. 1869; Ornithocephalus stenoglottis Rchb.f. 1886; Ornithocephalus xiphochilus Schltr. 1907; Zygostates costaricensis Nash 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 87. Panama Schlechter 1922 as O diceras; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 70. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as O xiphochilus; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 153. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as O xiphochilus; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 262. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as O xiphochilus; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 7 1960 photo ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 not = O brachyceras drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 11 1970 photo good; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 not = O brachyceras drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1064 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo ok; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as O brachyceras drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 22 #2 2002 photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 photo ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing goiod; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as O brachyceras; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo ok; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo not = O gladiatus?; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide