Ornithocephalus ciliatus Lindley 1840

Flower Closeup another Angle


Photos by Milan Vágner

Part shadeCool to Hot Fall

Common Name The Ciliate Ornithocephalus

Flower Size 1/8" [4mm]

This very small, fan-shaped, hot to cool growing, twig epiphyte is from Trinidad, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia growing on old citrus trees and shrubs in montane rain forests and can be found between the altitudes of 200 and 2200 meters with distichous, arranged in a fan, oblong-lanceolate, conduplicate, compressed, acute leaves that are articulated into the conduplicate leaf-base that blooms in the fall on an erect, 1 1/4" [3 cm] long, axillary, racemose, several flowered inflorescence that is the length of the leaves or shorter.

This species is best mounted on cork, tree fern or wood, given hot to cool, shady, humid conditions with even, year round waterings.

Synonyms Ornithocephalus auricula Rchb. f. & Wullschl. 1863; Ornithocephalus avicula Rchb. f. & Wullschl. 1863; Ornithocephalus cruegeri Rchb.f. ex Griseb. 1864; Ornithocephalus graciliscapus Cogn. 1906 publ. 1907; Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as O cruegeri; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 as O crugeri photo fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as O cruegeri; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 as O ciliatus drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 573 Dodson 1982 as O kruegeri drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as O kruegeri photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0150 Dodson & Bennett 1989 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 as O kruegeri; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 539 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as O kruegeri drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as O kruegeri drawing/photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as O kruegeri; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo ok; Orquideologia Vol 29 #1 2012 photo ok; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;