Otoglossum brevifolium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

Photo by Pieter Brouwer and his P Base Orchid Photostream

LATE through EARLY

Common Name The Short-Leafed Otoglossum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in montane rain forests at elevations around 900 to 2800 meters meters on steep clay banks with leaf litter as a small sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial orchid with ovoid-pyriform, complanate, smooth, dark green pseudobulbs enveloped with a pair of basal, foliaceous, articulated sheaths and carries a single, apical, narrrowly elliptic-oblong, rigid, coriaceous, apically retuse leaf that is attenuate into the conduplicate, petiolate base and blooms in the late winter and early spring on an axillary, 10" [25 cm] long, several to many [12 to 18] flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with tubular, close floral bracts.

This species is distinguished by the ovoid-pyriform pseudobulbs, the oblong, attenuate leaves, the labellum disc with a stout, laterally compressed claw-like base, thickened to a cordiform apex abuted by conical teeth, the basal lip lobes are convex-revolute and the callus has 2 conical teeth.

Synonyms *Odontoglossum brevifolium Lindl. 1844; Odontoglossum coronarium var. dayanum Rchb.f. 1876; Odontoglossum coronarium var. dayanum Rchb.f. 1876; Oncidium brevifolium [Lindl]Beer 1854; Oncidium chiriquense (Rchb. f.) Beer 1854; Otoglossum brevifolium var. dayanum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1976; Otoglossum spathulatum (P.J.Cribb) Jenny & Garay 2010

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Odontoglossum brevifolium; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Odontoglossum brevifolium drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Odontoglossum brevifolium; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 as Odontoglossum brevifolium drawing fide; *Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 1976; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 481 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 148 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing ok; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 as O chiriquerense photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 not = O coronaria; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 as O coronaria photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #1 2010 drawing/photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #1 2010 as Otoglossum spathulatum photo fide;