Phaius wallichii Lindl. 1831

Plants in habit

Photos by Hendrelien Peters.


Common Name Wallich's Phaius [Danish Botanist and Orchid Collector 1800's] - In China Da Hua He Ding Lan

Flower Size 5.6" [14 cm]

Found in India, Bhutan, Sri Lanka the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Yunnan China, Hong Kong and possibly Sumatra in dense forests along ravines at elevations of 900 to 1300 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with fusiform to cylindric-ovoid pseudobulbs carrying about 4, green, oblong-elliptic, plicate, glabrous, acuminate leaves that blooms in the later spring on an erect, glabrous, to 40" [100 cm] long, to more than 10 flowered inflorescence arising from the lower nodes on the pseudobulb and has caducous, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous floral bracts and carrying widely opening flowers

The plants are very different from P tankervilleae 1. They are much larger, the pseudobulbs are up to 4.8" [12 cm]tall 2. The inflorescence is over 6 feet [180 cm] tall, carrying 16 or more large flowers 3. The flowers face forward whereas in P tankervilleae looks down 4. The base colour of the flowers is an ochre yellow-with a yellow brown overlay P tankervilleae is white 5. The lip is different.

Synonyms Phaius bicolor Lindl.1831; Phaius longicornu Guillaumin 1957; Phaius magniflorus Z.H.Tsi & S.C.Chen 1994; Phaius sanderi Sander 1892

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Phajus wallichii drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 as P bicolor drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 as P bicolor; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 as Phaius magniflorus; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide as Phaius magniflorus; The Orchids of Nepal Pearce & Cribb 2001 as a syn of P tankervillae wrong!; Native Australian Orchids Jones 12006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Tuanggyi 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 photo/drawing fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 Drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;