Pholidota chinensis Lindl. 1847 SECTION Chinensis

Plant and Flowers

Flower Closeup

Photos by Eric Hunt


Photo by Patricia Harding

Common Name The Chinese Pholidota - In China Shi Xian Tao

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Vietnam, Myanmar, Hong Kong and Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hiuzhou, Hainan, Xizang, Yunnan and Zheziang provinces of China growing on damp rocks near streams in shady as well as open areas or as an epiphyte on rain forest trees in evergreen lowland forests or primary montane forests at elevations of 300 to 2500 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing lithophyte and epiphyte that is with ovoid, sulcate pseudobulbs carrying 3, ovate-oblong to linear-lanceolate leaves that blooms in the spring on a 6" to 12" [15 to 30 cm] long, pendulous inflorescence that arises from the apex of a new growth before or as it develops the new leaves, with many [35], fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Coelogyne chinensis (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864; Coelogyne pholas Rchb.f 1861; Pholidota annamensis Gagnep 1931; Pholidota chinensis var. cylindracea Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Pholidota laucheana Kraenzl. 1892; Pholidota pholas Rchb. f. 1864; Pholidota pyrranthela Gagnep. 1950

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1892 as P laucheana drawing; Die Orchideen lieferung 16/17/18 Schlechter/Brieger 1986; Orchid Monographs Vol 3 Pholidota De Vogel 1988; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 1 2002 photo; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #6 2011 pollinia only photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;