Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese 1854 SECTION Chelonanthera


Plant in situ Malaysia

Photos by David Kuehn

Common Name The Humped Pholidota

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, and the Solomon Islands in hill forests and lower montane mossy forests at elevations of 500 to 1700 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with cylindrical, adpressed pseudobulbs carrying lanceolate, abruptly narrowing apically, acute, gradually narrowing below into the 1 to 2" [2.5 to 5 cm] petiolate base leaf that blooms in the fall on an apical, arising on a newly arising pseudobulb, erect then nodding to pendulous, terete, 12" [30 cm] long, strongly fractiflex inflorescence with deciduous bracts that fall before blooming.

Synonyms Chelonanthera clypeata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1907; *Chelonanthera gibbosa Blume 1825; Coelogyne clypeata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1862; Coelogyne gibbosa (Blume) Rchb.f. 1862; Pholidota caduca Ridl. 1896; Pholidota clypeata Lindl. 1850

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchid Digest Vol 47 No 2 1983 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 16/17/18 Schlechter/Brieger 1986; Orchid Monographs Vol 3 Revisions in the Genus Pholidota De Vogel 1988; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Segerback 1992 photos fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo good; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide