!Pholidota imbricata (Roxb.) Lindl. 1825 SECTION Pholidota

font color=red> Photo by Eric Hunt

Inflorescence and Plant with Flowers

Photo by Jean Claude George

FragranceCoolHot SummerFall

Common Name The Overlapping Shingle Pholidota - In Australia Rattlesnake Orchid - In Papua New Guinea The Necklace Orchid - In China Su Bao Shi Xian Tao

Flower Size to 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in central China and Tibet, Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, western Himalayas, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra, Moluccas, Sulawesi, the Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, New Caledonia, Santa Cruz, Vanuatu and Queensland Australia in evergreen lowland forests on rock outcrops along streams and rivers as a small to medium sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte and lithophyte at elevations of sealevel to 1700 meters in filtered light with clustered, conical, angular, wrinkled or sunken, dull pale green to dull brown pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, sub-plicate, ovate-oblong to linear-lanceolate, coriaceous, prominently veined, gradually narrowing into the pseudo-petiolate base, dark green leaf with a lighter underside that can have red spots and blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a terminal, smooth, terete, erect-arcuate then drooping, 20" [50 cm] long, racemose inflorescence that has a zigzag, flexuous rachis with large concave bracts carrying up to 50 fragrant flowers that spiral around the inflorescence arising from papery floral bracts and occuring on a developing pseudobulb.

Synonyms Coelogyne conchoidea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864; Coelogyne crotalina (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1861; Coelogyne imbricata Rchb. f. 1861; Coelogyne loricata Rchb. f. 1861; Coelogyne triotos (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1862; Cymbidium imbricatum Roxb. 1832; Ornithidium imbricatum (Lindl.) Wall. ex Hook.f. 1890; Pholidota assamica Sander ex Regel 1890; Pholidota beccarii Schltr. 1921; Pholidota bracteata (D. Don) Seidenf. 1986; Pholidota calceata Rchb.f. 1856; Pholidota conchoidea Lindl. 1840; Pholidota crotalina Rchb. f. 1856; Pholidota grandis Kraenzl. 1929; Pholidota henryi Kraenzl. 1915; Pholidota imbricata var. coriacea Hook.f. 1890; Pholidota imbricata var. henryi (Kraenzl.) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1951; Pholidota imbricata var. longifolia Schltr.1911; Pholidota imbricata var. montana Schltr. 1911; Pholidota imbricata var. platyphylla 1911; Pholidota loricata Rchb. f. 1857; Pholidota pallida Holt. 1964 non Lindley 1836; Pholidota spectabilis Kraenzl. ex Guillaumin 1948; Pholidota triotos Rchb. f. 1861; Ptilocnema bracteata D. Don 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as P calceata; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as P crotalina; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as P loricata; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911[1985] as Pholidota imbricata var. longifolia Schltr.1911 and Pholidota imbricata var. montana Schltr. 1911 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P conchoidea; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 no 4 1979 drawing/photo fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as P calceata drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 2 Quisumbing 1981 photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 47 No 2 1983 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Rudolph Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 16/17/18 945-1128 Brieger, Senghas 1985 photo good; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 3 Pholidota De Vogel 1988; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Lowland Orchids of of Papua New Guinea Peter O'Byrne 1994 drawing/photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 as P bracteata photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchid Flora of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing fide; Orchid Flora of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 1 2002 photo; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 as P bracteata photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea Vol 5 Schuiteman & D de Vogel 2008; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 drawing fide; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #2 2018 Photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;