Phreatia secunda (Blume) Lindl. 1830

Plant and Flowers in situ Cameron Highlands Malaysia

Photos by David Kuehn

Another Flower

Photo by J B Comber


Drawing by Seidenfaden

Full shadeHotWarm

Common Name The One-Sided Phreatia [refers to the flowers pointing all in the same direction]

Flower Size .1 [3mm]

Found in the Andaman Islands, Thailand, penninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sumatra and Sulawesi in coastal, oak/laurel and lower montane forests at elevations of [sea-level] 50 to 2300 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or lithophyte on rocky roadside cuttings on shale with no pseudobulbs and a fan of thick and fleshy, strap-shaped conduplicate, acute leaves that blooms on an axillary, shorter than the leaf, several to many flowered inflorescence.

Often cited as a synonym of P plantaginifolia. I am keeping this one separate until I get further data. This plant has secund flowers and P plantaginifolia does not. The plant itself has several differences, most obvious the inflorescence is *shorter than the leaves and it may be neither P secunda or P plantaginifolia. If you have any thoughts please contact me. *the description for P secunda says that the inflorescence is "mostly" longer than the leaf

Synonyms *Dendrolirium secundum Blume 1825; Eria microtidis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1868; Eria secunda (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857; Phreatia microtidis Lindl. 1859

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Eria secunda; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing ok; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections drawing good to photo fide to drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok ? = P microtidis [See Comber 2001 P plantaginifolia]; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 as P plantaginifolia photo ok; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 errata for Vol 1