Pleurothallis berolinensis [Bogarin] in. ed. SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Hymenodanthae SUBSECTION Apodae-Caespitosae [Lindl.]Luer 1986

TYPE Drawing

Photo/TYPE Drawing by © Bogarin


Common Name The Berolin Pleurothallis [Berlín de Pérez Zeledón, San José where the orchid can be found ]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Costa Rica in premontane wet forest along the edge of primary forest in trunks with mosses at elevations of 1420 to 1640 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool growing, caespitose, pendent or suberect epiphyte with slender, erect, terete ramicauls enveloped by 2 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly obovate, thick, coriaceous, acute, conduplicate, emarginate, with a short apiculus, cuneate below into the indistinct, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the later summer and fall on a racemose, distichous, glabrous, patent to downward creeping, peduncle slender, filiform 1.2 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm] long, rachis congested, appearing fasciculate, up to .16" [1.5 cm] long, shorter than the leaves, to 2.6" {6.5 cm] long overall, successively single, few flowered inflorescence with ovate, acute, conduplicate, membranaceous, tubular, imbricating, shorter than the pedicel floral bracts and carrying foul scented flowers.

"S. berolinensis is distinguished from its allies by the yellowish flowers with purple blotches, stains and stripes along the veins of the sepals and petals (vs. dispersed speckles or blotches); the smaller sepals <.14" [3.5 mm] long (vs. >.16" [4 mm]); the dorsal sepal <.32" [8 mm] long (vs. >.44" [11 mm]) and lateral sepals <.38" [9.5 mm] long (vs. >.48" [12 mm]); the lateral sepals almost free (connate for about .6" [1.5 mm]) and not developing an evident synsepal (vs. connate >.2" [5 mm], developing an evident synsepal) and the entire lip, with rounded apex, never folding or curved down apically (vs. denticulate or erose, acute or obtuse and folding apically). The inflorescences are patent but sometimes they are creeping down, prostrate on the substrate, just curving up when the first bud is mature. Specklinia berolinensis is found at higher elevations of 1420 to 1640 meters in comparison to its allies that have been recorded from elevations of less than 920 meters, mainly between 300 to 600 meters which include P acoana, P condylata, P icterina and P vierlingii." Bogarin 2013

Synonyms *Specklinia berolinensis Bogarín 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Lankesteriana 13[3]: 185- 206 Bogarin 2014 as Specklinia berolinensis photo/drawing fide