Pleurothallis denticulata Cogn. 1909 SUBGENUS Antilla Luer 2000

Photo by Julio Laramendi

Drawing

Drawing by Hagen Stenzel and Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles

LATE EARLY

Common Name The Toothed Pleurothallis

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Cuba in Barill forests at elevations of 900 to 1500 meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte low to the ground in humid, deep shade with a straight, ascending to pendent ramicauls enveloped by 2, scarious, conduplicate, carinate sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, ovate to narrowly elliptic, distinctly carinateacute, tridentate, green, slightly rough above and glabrous beneath, denticualte margins, revolute, shortly attenuate below into the base leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on 1 to 10, arising through an acute, ovate spathe, terminal, 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long, pendent, somewhat flexuous, racmose, successively 1 to 2, 2 to 10 flowered inflorescence and with tubular, acute, inflated, as long as the pedicel floral bracts.

"This species is variable regarding form and margin of the leaf and floral segments. The color ranges from greenish and slightly, mottled with purple to entirely purple flowers with only the base being somewhat greenish." Stenzl 2004

CAUTION!!! Many references including kew place P parvula as a synonym of this species. I have left them separate for now.

Synonyms Acianthera doucettei Kutz 2018; Antilla denticulata (Cogn.) Luer 2014; Specklinia denticulata (Cogn.) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* I.Urban, Symb. Antill. 6: 425 Cogniaux 1909; Schedul. Orchid. 8: 30 Ames & Schweinfurth 1925 as P parvula;

Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987;

Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000;

Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Antilla parvula;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia denticulata;

Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Specklinia denticulata photo fide;

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014;

Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 109: 574 Luer 2014 as Antilla denticulata;

Phytotaxa 275: 270 A Doucette 2016 as Acianthera parvula;

Harvard Pap. Bot. 21: 183 Karremans 2016 as Acianthera denticulata;

AOS Bulletin Vol 87:311 Doucette 2018 as Acianthera doucettei

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Acianthera denticulata photo fide

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