Pleurothallis dryadum Schltr. 1922 SUBGENUS Acuminatia SECTION Acuminatae Luer 1986

Photo by Egon Krgsgaaed


Photo by Luis Felipe Varela.


Drawing by Helmut Seehawer

Common Name The Forest Living Pleurothallis

Flower Size .1" [2.5 mm]

Found in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janiero and Minas Gerais states of southeastern Brazil in primary mossy cloud forests at elevations of 900 to 1600 meters as a mini-miniature, cool growing epiphyte most often found growing on Vellozia trees on high windy slopes with an erect ramicaul carrying a single, coriaceous, narrow, acute, light green, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring and again in the fall on erect, short, 4 to 7 flowered inflorescence with an as long as the ovary floral bract and holding the flowers just above the succulent like leaves.

This species and P ourobranquensis are very similar but differs mostly in this one having from 1 to 6 flowers per inflorescence while P ourobranquensis always has 2 flowers.

Characterized by the small plants with pseudolepanthiform sheaths that cover the ramicaul and by the delicate yellow flowers.

Synonyms Anathallis dryadum (Schltr.) F.Barros 2004; Pabstiella dryadum (Schltr.) Luer 2008; Pleurothallis maculosa Garay 1951; Specklinia dryadum (Schltr.) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

*Anexos Mem. Inst. Butantan, Secç. Bot. 1(4): 45 Schlechter 1922;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 186. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 not No III = Pleurothallis picta Lindl.;

Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 11: 55 Garay 1951 as P maculosa;

Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide;

Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 drawing ok/photo good;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia dryadum;

Orchid Memories: 10 F Barros 2004 as Anathallis dryadum;

Novon 18(1): 79. (Schltr.) Luer 2008 as Pabstiella dryadum;

The Organ Mountain Range Its History and Its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 drawing fide;

Rodriguésia 70: e02722017 Anathallis (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae) no estado do Paraná, Brasil Santos, Toscano and Smidt 2019 as Anathallis dryadum drawing/photo fide;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Anathallis dryadum photo fide