Pleurothallis listerophora Schltr. 1906 SUBGENUS Effusae Luer 2000

Photo by Daniel Jimenez.

Drawing

Drawing by Carl Luer

Cool to Cold Summer

Common Name The Shovel-Carrying Pleurothallis

Flower Size .12" [3 mm]

Found in San Jose province of Costa Rica and Chiriqi province of Panama in wet oak and cloud forests at elevations of 1000 to 2100 meters as a small sized cool to cold growing, caespitose epiphyte with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped by a tubular sheath below the middle and 2 to 3, shorter, others above the base and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptical-obovate, subacute to obtuse, narrowly cuneate below into the subpetiolate base leaf that blooms in the summer on an erect, inflorescence arising through a spathe from near the apex of the ramicaul, lax, subsecund, [1 to 3 cm] long, successively few flowered with a tubular, longer to shorter than the pedicel floral bract.

Vegetatively similar to P retusa and florally similar to P villosa in the long pubescent sepals. The ramicauls are slightly shorter than the thick, narrowly obovate leaves and the erect, successively several flowered raceme is shorterthan the leaf. The purple spotted flowers witha prominent mentum are purple villous within, the petals are spathulate and the lip is ellitpical witha pair of central carinae and unguiculate below shallow marginal angles below the middle." Luer 2000

Synonyms Effusiella listerophora (Schltr.) Luer 2007; Pleurothallis campicola Luer 1979; Specklinia listerophora (Schltr.) Luer 2004; Stelis listerophora (Schltr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3(33-34): 107 Schlechter 1906;

Selbyana 5(2): 161-162 Luer 1979 as P campicola;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986 as P campicola;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Systematics of Jostia, Andinia, Barbosella, Barbrodia & Pleurothallis subgen Antilla, Effusia and Restrepioidia Luer 2000

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Systematics of Jostia, Andinia, Barbosella, Barbrodia & Pleurothallis subgen Antilla, Effusia and Restrepioidia Luer 2000 drawing fide;

Lindleyana 16(4): 264. Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001. as Stelis literophora;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgen Acianthera A Second Century of Stelis of Ecuador Epibator, Ophidion Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia listerophora;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXIX A Third Century of Stelis of Ecuador Systematics of Apoda-Prorepentia Luer 2007 as Effusiella listerophora;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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