Pleurothallis pemonum Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1990 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscosae Lindl. 1842

TYPE Drawing by © Carnevali & I.Ramírez and The Biodiversity Heritage Library Website

Deep shadeHot Summer

Common Name The Pemon Pleurothallis [Local indigenous people of the area]

Flower Size .24" [6 mm]

Found in Amazonas state of Venezuela in dense forests on high branches at elevations around 100 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot growing, diminutive, creeping epiphyte with subterete, noticeably thickened apically ramicauls enveloped by tubular, scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, very fleshy, usually adpressed to the substrate, basally obtuse to rounded, sometimes suberect, usually broadly elliptic, rarely elliptic to almost orbicular, obtuse to rounded with a subapicaly mucro leaf that blooms in the summer on an erect, basal, .16 to .28" [4 to 7 mm] long, racemose, 1 to 2 flowered inflorecence with ovate-elliptic, acute, acuminate, slightly scabrous, shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

"Closely related to P nanifolia and P deborana but P pemonum has flowers with semitranslucid, deep wine red sepals, petals of the same hue but not transluscid and the lip is dark red with the central concavity yellow-cream and basally glandular-pubescent. The column is cream, red tinged dorsally, bentrally dark red. The anther is creamy red, the ovary is yellow and the pedicelis creamy red." Carnevali & Ramirez 1990

Synonyms Anathallis pemonum (Carnevali & I.Ramírez) G.A.Romero, Carnevali & Toscanon 2016; Specklinia pemonum (Carnevali & I.Ramírez) Luer 2004;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 555 Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1990 drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela an Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 P - Z Pg 873 Second Edition Romero and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia pemonum;

Harvard Papers in Botany, Vol. 21, No. 1, Novelties in the orchid flora of Venezuela IX. Subtribe Pleurothallidinae. New combinations in Anathallis and a new report for the orchid flora of Colombia Romero-González, German Carnevali and Toscano 2016 as Anathallis pemonum drawing fide