Pleurothallis samacensis Ames 1923 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscariae Luer 1986

Side View of Flower

Photos by Linda & Michael Karlbom


Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Oakes Ames and Epidendra Orchid Photo Website

Common Name The Samac Pleurothallis [A town in Guatemala near where the first of this species was found]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Altaverapaz department of Guatemala, Heridia province of Costa Rica, Bolivar state of Venezuela, Antioquia department of Colombia, Carchi, Napo, Pastaza, Morona-santiago, Loja and Zamora Chinchipe provinces of Ecuador and Brazil in extremely wet montane forests at elevations around 600 to 2400 meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with a short, erect ramicaul enveloped by 2 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, obovate-obtuse, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring through summer on an erect, arising laterally from the ramicaul, 1.2" [3 cm] long, successively few flowered inflorescence with echinate, shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

"Distinguished by the lo0ng, loose, successively flowered raceme of prickly flowers that creeps through the surrounding substrate. The sepals are acute and attenuate. The petals are irregularily long-lacerate. The lip is usually black and spathulate witha rounded apex and erect, marginal lobes in the lower third." Luer 2006

Synonyms Andreettaea samacensis (Ames) A.Doucette First published in Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):7 2022 ; Muscarella samacensis (Ames) Luer 2006; Specklinia samacensis (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Schedul. Orch. 2: 22-24.Ames 1923 Drawing fide;

Orchids Of Guatemala Ames & Correll 1952 drawing fide;

Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 drawing fide;

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing good;

Selbyana 1: 278 Luer 1975 drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good;

Miniature Orchids Northen 1980;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 257 Dodson 1980 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidianrum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good;

Lindleyana 16(4): 259 (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Specklinia samanensis;

Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003;

Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide;

Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez Lopez & Dressler 2005 as Specklinia samacensis;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella samacensis

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella samacensis drawing good;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Verapazia sdamacensis;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Muscarella samacensis photo fide;

Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):7 Doucette 2022 as Andreettaea samacensis