Serapias bergoni Camus 1908 SECTION Bilamellaria SUBSECTION Stenopetalae Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

S vomeracea Group

Common Name Bergon's Searapias [French Botanist late 1800 to early 1900's]

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

A small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid found in Sicily, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus in short, poor grasslands, damp meadows, olive groves, open woodlands and garrigue at elevations up to 1200 meters with a slender, often red streaked stem carrying 6 to 9, lanceolate leaves with the uppermost two being bract-like that blooms in the spring on an erect, racemose, to 8" [to 20 cm] long, 3 to 12 flowered inflorescence with large brown bracts almost covering the many flowers occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Serapias bergonii f. cilentana (Presser) P.Delforge 2007; Serapias bergonii subsp. cilentana Presser 2007; Serapias cordigera subsp. laxiflora (So) H.Sund. 1980; Serapias laxiflora Chaub. 1838; Serapias laxiflora f. wettsteinii (H.Fleischm.) So 1927; Serapias occultata var. columnae (Asch. & Graebn.) E.G.Camus 1908; Serapias parviflora subsp. laxiflora So 1928; Serapias wettsteinii Fleischm. 1925; Serapias pseudocordigera var. laxiflora Nyman 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as S laxiflora; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #9 2019 photo fide;

Serapias vomeracea subsp. laxiflora (So) Glz & H.R.Reinhard 1977 Photo courtesy of J-M Lewin and the Orchids of France and Europe