!Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969


Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Milan Vágner

Part shadeWarm to Hot Summer THROUGH Winter

Common Name The Small Flowered Smitinandia - In Thailand - Kularb dong - In China Gai Hou Lan

Flower Size 1/3" [1.1 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, western Himalayas, Assam, Bangladesh, India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanamar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Borneo in lowlands and low montane riverine forests at elevations [200 to 300, Borneo] below 1300 meters as a small sized, hot to warm, pendant growing epiphyte with an elongated, branching, turning pendulous stem carrying several linear, axillary, unequally and obtusely bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the summer through winter on an lateral, simple, 2 3/4" to 6 3/4" [7 to 17 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with triangular-ovate, acute to acuminate floral bracts and the fleshy, successively opening flowers arranged in a spiral

Synonyms Ascocentrum micranthum (Lindl.) Holttum 1947; Ceratochilus micranthus Lindl. 1833; Cleisostoma micranthum (Lindl.) King & Prantl 1898; Cleisostoma petitiana Guillaumin 1945; Cleisostoma poilanei Gagnep. 1932; Cleisostoma tixieri Guillaumin 1960; Gastrochilus parviflorus (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pomatocalpa poilanei (Gagnep.) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1951; Saccolabium fissum Ridl. 1896; *Saccolabium micranthum Lindl. 1828; Uncifera albiflora Guillaumin 1930

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Saccolabium micranthum; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 as Saccolabium micranthum drawing fide; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 As Saccolabium micranthum; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Saccolabium micranthum; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Cleisostoma micranthum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Saccolabium micarnthum; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Clsisotoma micranthum; Gard. Bull. Singapore 11:275 Holttum 1947 as Ascocentrum micranthum; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as Ascocentrum micranthum; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1963 as Ascocentrum micranthum drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as Ascocentrum micranthum; * Gard. Bull. Singapore 25:106 Holttum 1969; Botanisk Tidsskrift bd 68 hft 1 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand V Seidedenfaden 1973 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, A Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 photo fide; Opera Botanica # 95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 22 1329 - 1392 Brieger 1989 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Borneo Wood Vol 4 2003 drawing/photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo good; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo hmm; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 7—50. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 5–58 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #10 2019 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;