Spiranthes aestivalis (Poiret) L.C.M. Richard 1818

Photo by Emilio Esteban and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Plant in Situ France

Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe


Common Name The Summer Flowering Spiranthes

Flower Size 1/4"

Found from Morocco, Algeria, Spain, France, Great Britain, Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Hungary and Yugoslavia in damp dune slacks, peat bogs and damp grasslands at elevations up to 1400 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with 2 hairy, fusiform roots and giving rise to many, basal, cauline, linear-lanceolate, almost ditichous leaves that blooms on an erect, leafy, 6 to 12" [15 to 30 cm] long, terminal, many flowered, spicate inflorescence with fragrant flowers occuring in the late spring and mid summer.

Synonyms Gyrostachys aestivalis (Rich.) Dumort. 1827; Neottia aestivalis DC. 1805; Ophrys aestiva Balb 1801; *Ophrys aestivalis Poir. 1789; Tussaca aestivalis (Poir.) Rich. ex Desv. 1818

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 Photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #3 2015 photo fide;