Spiranthes odorata (Nutt.) Lindl. 1834 Photo by Wilford Neptune

Flower Closeup

Photo by Eric Hunt


Common Name Fragrant Ladie's Tresses

Found in Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and Oklahoma in woodlands, grassy alkaline marshes, and wet depressions in grasslands as a medium szied, cold growing, aquatic to semi-aquatic terrestrial species with a slender to stout, pubescent above, blunt to capitate haired stem carrying 3 to 6, linear-oblanceolate, bourne on the lower part of the stem leaves that blooms in the fall till spring on an erect, terminal, to 3' [to 90 cm] long, many flowered, spicate inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate, longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying strongly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Coccineorchis cernua (Lindl.) Garay 1978; Gyrostachys odorata (Nutt.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys triloba Sm 1898; Ibidium odoratum (Nutt.) House 1906; Ibidium trilobum Sm. 1913; *Neottia odorata Nutt. 1834; Spiranthes cernua [L.] L. C. Rich. var odorata [Nutth.] Correll 1940; Spiranthes triloba (Small) K.Schum. 1898; Triorchis odorata [Nutth.] Nieuwl. 1913; Triorchis triloba [Sm.] House 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as S cernua var odorata drawing/photos fide; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993 as Spiranthes cernua; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #3 2015 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #2 2020 stamp fide; The Orchid Review Vol 128 No 1330 June 2020 stamp fide;