!Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829 SUBGENUS Stanhopea SECTION Stanhopea Photo by Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids

Inflorescence Photo by Joseph Dougherty


Common Name The Grand Stanhopea

Flower Size 5 1/2" [14 cm]

Found in Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states of Brazil in dry montane forests at elevations sealevel to 500 meters as a medium sized, warm to hot growing epiphyte or occasional terrestrial with ovoid to round, ribbed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, petiolate leaf that blooms in the late summer and early fall on a pendant, racemose, to 10" long, few to several flowered inflorescence with large, chartaceous bracts and carrying heavily fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Ceratochilus insignis Lindl. ex Steud.; Ceratochilus insignis (Frost) Lindl. ex G. Don 1830; Stanhopea atropurpurea hort. ex Planchon 1858; Stanhopea flava Lodd. ex Beer; Stanhopea insignis var. alba hort. ex Linden 1853 ; Stanhopea insignis var. atropurpurea hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. atrorubens hort. ex Henshall ; Stanhopea insignis var. flava hort. ex Lodd. 1835 ; Stanhopea insignis var. fulva hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. guttata hort. ex Henshall 1845; Stanhopea insignis var. leucochila Lemaire 1847 ; Stanhopea insignis var. lutea hort. ex Loddiges ; Stanhopea insignis var. major hort. ex Loddiges 1844 ; Stanhopea insignis var. obscura hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. pallida hort. ex Loddiges 1844 ; Stanhopea insignis var. punctata hort. ex Heynhold 1846 ; Stanhopea insignis var. speciosa hort. ex Hoffmannsegg; Stanhopea insignis var. superba hort. ex Planchon 1858 ; Stanhopea macrochila Lem.; Stanhopea odoratissima Heynh.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 photo fide; Caesiana 21 Stanhopea Part 1 Jenny 2003 photo/drawing fide;