Stanhopea tricornis Lindl. 1849 SUBGENUS Stanhopea SECTION Tricornis Photo by Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids

Flower from below

Lip detail Photos by Dale Borders

Side View Petal Removed Type Form

Side View Petal removed S tricornis var stenochila Photos by Dr George Kennedy


Common Name The Three-Horned Stanhopea

Flower Size 5" [12.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in tropical wet and wet montane cloud forests on the western slopes of the Andes at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or terrestrial on steep embankments with ovate, ribbed, dark green pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, broadly ovate, acute, gradually narrows below into the elongate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter through summer on a short to 6" [15 cm] long, racemose, 2 flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and enveloped by large chartaceous bracts and carrying jasmine scented flowers.

This species requires, deep shade, good air circulation and a hot, moist tropical environment to survive.

Synonyms Gerlachia tricornis [Lindl.] Szlach. 2007; Stanhopea convoluta Rolfe 1909; Stanhopea langlasseana Cogn. 1901; Stanhopea stenochila F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1900; Stanhopea tigrina Bateman ex Lindl. 1838; Stanhopea tricornis subsp. stenochila (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Dodson 1967; Stanhopea wallisii Rchb. f. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1894 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 9 1962 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 324 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 6 1981 drawing fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 1 1993 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 12 1993 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 as S tricornis ssp stenochila; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 7 2003 photo fide; Caesiana Vol 22 Stanhopea Part 2 Jenny 2004 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing/photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 25 #1 2007 photo fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 28 #2 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016