Stelis cleistogama Schltr. 1918 SECTION Stelis

Photo by JM VP and The Orquideas Mexicanas Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Common Name The Self-Pollenating Stelis

Flower Size .04 [1 mm]

Found in Chiapas state of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras at elevations around 1500 meters as a small sized, cool growing epiphyte with an erect, stout ramicaul enveloped by 2 sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, oblanceolate-ligulate, obtuse, cuneate below into the short petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a erect, laxly, distichous, 8 [20 cm] long including the .8 [2 cm] long peduncle, mostly simultaneously many flowered inflorescence arising through a spathe from below the apex of the ramicaul with cuculate, apiculate floral bracts and carrying pale red flowers.

Differs from other Stelis of Guatemala by its oblong-quadrate lip. Stelis cleistogama is recognized by its small flowers about .12" [3 mm] wide, apparently cleistogamus, the inflexed sepals, never totally extended, the transversely oblong-quadrate lip strongly excavated to its apex. with an inconspicuous apicule and a transverse callus that is thicker above the middle. The leaves oblanceolate and rounded." Solano 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 203 Schlechter 1918;

Orchids of Guatemala Ames Correll 1952

Orchids of Guatemala Ames Correll 1952 drawing ok;

Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide;

Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 1276 Fritz Hamer 1985 drawing fide;

ORQUIDEA (MEX.) 13(1- 2) Solano and Soto Arenas DICIEMBRE 1993 drawing fide;

Orchidaceae Stelis Swartz A Compendium Duque 2008 drawing ok;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018