Calanthe discolor Lindl. 1838 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website


Flower Closeup

Photos by Rogier van Vugt and his Orchid webpage.

Brown Color Version

by Patricia Harding.

Plant and flowers in situ in Japan

Photo by Natsui.


Common Name The Different Colored Calanthe - In Japan - Amani-ebine - Okinawa-ebine - Katsudake-ebine - In China Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .8" across [2 cm]

Found in China, Korea, Japan and the Ryukyus in shady and moist places in dense evergreen broad-leaved forests at elevations of 170 to 1500 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing, semi-evergreen terrestrial with small pseudobulbs sheathed basally by leaf bases and carrying 2 to 4, elliptic-lanceolate to obovate-oblong, minutely pubescent above leaves and narrowing below into a sulcate petiole which blooms in the spring on terminal, lax, 2' [60 cm] long inflorescence with a loosely several [10 to 15] flowered racemose inflorescence with the rachis minutely pubescent and carrying mushroom scented flowers.

Synonyms Alismorkis discolor (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe amamiana Fukuy. 1952; Calanthe aristulifera var. amamiana (Fukuy.) Hatus.1971; Calanthe amamiana var. latilabellata Ida 1968; Calanthe cheniana Hand.-Mazz.1936; Calanthe discolor f. kanashiroi (Fukuy.) K.Nakaj. 1972; Calanthe discolor f. quinquelamellata M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe discolor var. amamiana (Fukuy.) Masam. 1964; Calanthe discolor var. divaricatipetala Ida 1969; Calanthe discolor var. kanashiroi Fukuy.1942; Calanthe discolor var. tokunoshimensis (Hatus. & Ida) Hatus. 1998; Calanthe discolor var. viridialba Maxim. 1872; Calanthe esquirolei Schltr. 1913; Calanthe lurida Decne. 1855; Calanthe striata var. discolor (Lindl.) Maxim. 1873; Calanthe tokunoshimensis Hatus. & Ida 1969; Calanthe tokunoshimensis f. latilabella (Ida) Hatus. 1971; Calanthe tyoh-harae Makino 1926; Calanthe variegata Scheidw. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 3 1991 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel; Cribb & Laurent 1992 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 5 1997 photo fide; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Chen, Tsi and Luo 1999 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing good/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing as C discolor var amaniana good/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #2 2019 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

Calanthe discolor var. amamiana (Fukuy.) Masam. 1964