Catasetum saccatum Lindley 1840 MALE SUBGENUS Catasetum SECTION Catasetum Photo by Jay Pfahl

Flower closeup - Male Photo by Weyman Bussey, Plant grown by Howard Gunn

Female Flower

Female Flower Closeup

Female Flower Side View Photos by Weyman Bussey, plant grown by Dr. Yin Tung Wang.

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Common Name The Sack-Shaped Catasetum

Flower Size 4" [9 to 10 cm]

Found as a large sized, variable, caespitose, hot to cool growing epiphyte in Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil in tropical montane forests on many different types of trees at altitudes of 200 to 1700 meters, with fusiform, elongate pseudobulbs with 4 to 7 elliptic-lanceolate, petiolate, acute leaves that blooms from the early winter through spring on an erect or pendant, 8" to 16" [25 to 68 cm] long, loose to many [3 to 21] flowered, bracteate, racemose inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers arising on a nearly mature pseudobulb

Like most Catasetum, needs a definite rest period after the blooming season when it will drop its leaves. The flowers are different in that they can eject their pollina up to 8 ft from the plant. This species enjoys nearly full sunlight, warmth, plenty of water and fertilizer and only needs a rest if it has become obviously dormant.

See also Catasetum incurvum which is often cited as a synonym of C saccatum but has sufficient differences to be kept a species in it's own right. Tthey differ in the size of the flowers, the lip and the densly flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Catasetum baraquinianum Lemaire 1862; Catasetum christyanum Rchb.f 1882; Catasetum christyanum var. chlorops Rchb.f. 1882; Catasetum christyanum var. obscurum Rchb.f. 1844; Catasetum colossus Schltr. 1925; Catasetum cruciatum Schlechter 1915; Catasetum histrio Klotsch ex Rchb.f ?; Catasetum japurense Mansf. 1930; Catasetum saccatum var chlorops Rchb.f 1882; Catasetum saccatum var. christyanum (Rchb.f.) Mansf. 1932; Catasetum saccatum var. eusaccatum Mansf. 1932; Catasetum saccatum var. pliciferum Rchb.f 1869; Catasetum saccatum var. typum Hoehne 1942; Catasetum secundum Klotsch ex Rchb.f 1854; Catasetum stupendum Cogn. 1895

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C japurense; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as Forma viride; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as var chlorops; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as var chrystianum drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as var pliciferum; ; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 3 1961 photo; Orchids of Peru vol 3 Schweinfurth 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C christyanum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1976 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1976 as C saccatum var album drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1976 as C saccatum var chrisianum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 514 Vasquez & Dodson 1982 drawing fide; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982, Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1982; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 Photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as C saccatum var chrystianum; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as C japurense; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 C sacattum var cristyanum photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 1 1995 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 418 Bennet & Christenson 1998 drawing ok; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999 drawing/photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 1 2003 photo; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo good; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae Jimenez & Jimenez 2014 photo fide

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