!Coilostylis ciliaris [L.] Withner & Harding 2004

Side View Of Flower Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Lip Detail Photo by © Peter Szabo

and EARLY

Common Name The Hairy-Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size 3 to 7" [8 to 17 cm]

Native to Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Windwards, Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in wet montane forests high in trees at elevations of 500 to 1000 meters, as a medium to large sized, warm growing epiphyte and sometimes as a lithophyte with one or 2, elliptic, obtuse, coriaceous leaves on a clavate, compressed above, subterete below, 5 to 6 nodes covered by close distichous, imbricating sheaths pseudobulb that blooms in the winter and early spring on a terminal, to 12" [30 cm] long, racemose, few to several [5 to 6] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and carrying fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Auliza cilaris [L.] Salisb. 1812; Aulizeum cilare Lindley ex Stein ?; Coilostylis cuspidata (Lodd.) Withner & P.A.Harding 2004; Coilostylis emarginata Raf. 1836; Epidendrum ciliare L. 1759; Epidendrum cuspidatum Lodd. 1817 ; Encyclia ciliaris (L.) Lemée 1955; Epidendrum ciliare var. brachysepalum Rchb.f 1847; Epidendrum ciliare var. cuspidatum (Lodd.) Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum ciliare var. minor hort. ex Stein 1892; Epidendrum ciliare var. oerstedii (Rchb. f.) L.O. Williams; Epidendrum ciliare var. squamatum Schnee 1953; Epidendrum ciliare var. typicum Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum ciliare var. viscidum (Lindl.) Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum luteum hort. ex Planch. 1858; Epidendrum sanctalucianum H.G. Jones 1975; Epidendrum santalucianum H.G. Jones 1975; Epidendrum viscidium Lindley 1840; Phaedrosanthus ciliaris (L.) Kuntze 1904

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum ciliare; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum ciliare; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum ciliaris; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Epidendrum ciliare; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum ciliare; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 31. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum ciliare; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 36. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum ciliare; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19:1. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum ciliare; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:169 Schlechter 1924 as Epidendrum ciliare; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as epidendrum ciliare; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum ciliare; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum ciliare var cuspidatum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Epidendrum ciliare; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 photo as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 3 1964 photo as Epidendrum cilare; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 10 1966 as Epidendrum ciliare; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 NO 6 1969 as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Epidendrumciliare photo ok; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Auliza ciliaris photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing/photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 as Epidendrum cilarephoto fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 4 2003 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 711 Dodson 1982 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 918 Dodson 1984 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Epidendrum ciliare; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Aulizia ciliaris photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo as Epidendrum ciliare; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 1 1988 photo as Epidendrum cilare; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1431 Atwood 1992 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum plate 041 Bennett and Christenson 1993 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Epidendrum ciliare drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 3 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 4 2003 photo; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Epidendrum ciliare; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Epidendrum ciliare; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Epidendrum ciliare var squamatum; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 as C cuspidata; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide;AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Epidendrum ciliare; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1317 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Epidendrum ciliare photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 as Epidendrum ciliare

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Coilostylis ciliaris [L.] var Saba Withner & Harding 2004

Found on the island of Saba in the Caribbean and differs from the norm with the bronze colored flowers and in the amount of flowers, 9 to 12 instead of the normal 5 to 7 flowers.

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